Enjoy the exceptional terroir of Savoy

The vineyard of Savoie is a jewel nestled between the mountains of the French Alps. The vineyards were planted on rocks torn from the summits and on the land that formed during the last glaciations. Their altitude is between 300 to 600 m.

The vineyard, offering many varieties, enjoys a mountain type climate, from continental to Mediterranean. Every 116 meters the temperature drops by 1 ° C. Above 600 meters the temperature increases by 1 ° every 247 meters.
The vineyard can experience periods of frost of 100 days a year especially in the valleys. The prevailing winds come from the west and bring a lot of humidity but also regulate the temperatures. Rainfall is between 1000 and 1200 mm / year. The sunshine is between 1874 hours and 2000 hours per year.

To the east of Chambéry, the Combe de Savoie is wedged between the regional park of Chartreuse and that of the Massif des Bauges.

Recognized AOCs

Three denomination possess the AOC label:
- Roussette of Savoy
- Seyssel
- Wine of Savoy
- Crémant de Savoie (sparkling) is in the process of obtaining AOP.
These appellations produce 130,000 hectoliters of wine a year, 80% of which is white wine.

Sixteen geographical names can add their name to the AOC wine of Savoy: Abymes, Apremont, Arbin, Ayze, Chautagne, Chignin, Chignin-Bergeron or Bergeron, Crépy, Cruet, Jongieux, Marignan, Marin, Montmélian, Ripaille, Saint -Jean-de-la-Porte, and Saint-Jeoire-Prieuré.

Very varied grape varieties

For the red wine

Mondeuse : typical Savoyard variety. It was very rependu before the arrival of phylloxera. It is a vigorous grape variety that produces dense, tannic wines. He likes limestone and shale soils.
Gamay : introduced late in Savoie after the episode of phylloxera. It is present on 18% of planted areas. It is rather delicate and fears the frost, it has a good performance. It gives wines that are fond of little tannins and generous in fruit.
Persan : Very old variety of Savoy. Becomes more rare.
Pinot Noir : On the alpine soils, it gives rather powerful, complex and fruity wines.

Other grape varieties are present but less exploited: Gouai, Douce-Noire, Chardonnay, Molette blanche, Mondeuse blanche, Malvoisie.

For white wine

Altesse or Roussette : A typical Savoyard grape variety, which can be traced back to the 16th century. It is present on 15% of the planted area of ​​Savoie. It is a vigorous grape variety at late maturity. It is sensitive to frost and certain diseases of the vine.
Chardonnay : This is not the emblematic grape of the region but it is found on 2% of planted areas. He is not alone in the development of wines. It brings to the wine a good acid support and fruit.
Jacquère : Very old emblematic grape of Savoy. It would have been implanted in the thirteenth century. It covers almost 55% or about 1000 ha including 900ha of the vineyard. It is a vigorous grape variety at late maturity.
Roussanne or Bergeron : Unproductive variety at late maturity. Present on 2% of the encépagement. This grape variety is part of the Chignon-Bergeron vintage. It is a dense, complex wine with a high aging potential.
Gringet or Roussette basse : Savoyard grape, it represents 1% of the total grape variety and 11% of Haute Savoie.
Chasselas or Fendant or Crépy : It is found only in Haute Savoie where it is present at 70%. It is a productive and early variety. It gives fine wines with delicate aromas of hawthorn, hazelnuts with nice acidities.
Malvoisie : Variety slightly present in the vineyard of the Combe de Savoie.
Molette : It is a robust, rustic and productive variety.
White Mondeuse : Varietal present in small quantities in the vineyards of Cluse de Chambéry and Combe de Savoie.